Werner Schroer
Major

Werner Schroer

    Werner Schroer was born on 12 December 1918 at Mülheim in Ruhr. His Luftwaffe career began in 1937 as a member of the ground staff. In May 1940 he completed his flying training. On 27 August 1940 he joined 2./JG 27 based on the Channel front. He flew his first combat missions during the Battle of Britain but did not claim any confirmed victories. In March 1941, I./JG 27 was deployed to North Africa in order to support the Afrika Korps under the command of Erwin Rommel. Schroer claimed his first victory, a RAF Hurricane, on 19 April 1941, however, his Bf 109 E (WNr 3790) was hit and he had to make a forced-landing near his airfield with 48 bullet holes in his aircraft. On 21 April, in an engagement with RAF Hurricanes, an aircraft collided with his Bf 109 E (WNr 4170) slightly injuring him and requiring him to make another forced-landing. By the end of 1941 his score stood at seven. In March 1942, he was appointed Adjutant of I./JG 27. He was appointed Staffelkapitän of 8./JG 27 on 22 June. In July he recorded 16 victories. On 9 September, he was awarded the Deutsches Kreuz in Gold. He shot down 13 enemy aircraft in September, including six on 15 September to record his 35th through 40th victories. In October, Schroer claimed 15 victories. Leutnant Schroer was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 21 October for 49 victories. On 4 November, Schroer, with Alfred Stückler (10 victories), shot down two four-engined B-24s. On 11 February 1943, Schroer reportedly shot down two RAF Beauforts, although he claimed them as B-26s. When Major Gustav Rödel (98 victories, including 13 four-engined bombers, RK-EL) was appointed Kommodore of JG 27, Hauptmann Schroer took his place as Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 27 on 22 April 1943. Operating over Sicily and southern Italy, between 29 April and 23 July, Schroer was to claim 22 Allied aircraft shot down, including 12 four-engined bombers. On 2 August, he became the 268th recipient of the Eichenlaub, awarded for his 84 victories. In August 1943, II./JG 27 was redeployed to Wiesbaden-Erbenheim in Germany for Reichsverteidigung duties. On 6 September, Schroer led the Gruppe on an interception of a formation of 262 B-17s. In all 45 American bombers were lost including four shot down by II./JG 27, three of which were claimed by Schroer as his victories 86 through 88. On 3 March 1944, Major Schroer scored his 99th victory and was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG 54, relieving Major Rudolf Sinner (39 victories, DK) who had been badly wounded on 6 March attacking a formation of four-engined bombers. III./JG 54 was based at Lüneberg and flew the Bf 109 G-6. On 24 May, Schroer shot down a P-51 and two P-47s for his 100th to 102nd victories. On 21 July 1944, Schroer relinquished command of III./JG 54 to Hauptmann Robert “Bazi” Weiss (121 victories, RK-EL, killed in action 29 December 1944). Schroer was transferred to a fighter pilot school as an instructor. On 4 August, he had to make a forced-landing when his engine malfunctioned. From November 1944 to February 1945 Schroer was retained in a training role. On 14 February 1945, Schroer was appointed Kommodore of JG 3. With this unit he quickly claimed 12 Russian aircraft destroyed. On 19 April 1945 he became the 144th recipient of the Schwertern. Werner Schroer survived the war. He died on 10 February 1985 in Munich, aged 67.
    Werner Schroer was credited with 114 victories flying 197 missions. 102 of his victories were scored on the Western front, including 61 claimed over North Africa, and 26 four-engined bombers.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location / Comments
1.
19.4.1941
-
Hurricane 1./JG 27 W Tobruk
2.
25.6.1941
-
Hurricane 1./JG 27 S Sidi Barrani
3.
8.7.1941
-
Hurricane 1./JG 27 W Bardia
4.
19.7.1941
18:17
P-40 1./JG 27 NE Ras Asaz
5.
21.8.1941
18.20
Hurricane 1./JG 27 NE Bardia
6.
29.8.1941
18:10
P-40 1./JG 27 NW Sidi Barrani
7.
14.9.1941
15:55
Hurricane 1./JG 27 S El Hambra
8.
30.5.1942
14:05
P-40 Stab I./JG 27 NE Bir Hacheim
9.
10.6.1942
7:49
P-40 Stab I./JG 27 5km W Bir Hacheim
10.
15.6.1942
18:06
P-40 Stab I./JG 27 NW El Adem
11.
15.6.1942
18:11
P-40 Stab I./JG 27 NW El Adem
12.
23.6.1942
14:40
P-40 8./JG 27 10km S Sidi Omar
13.
26.6.1942
11:40
P-40 8./JG 27 SW Mersa Matruch
14.
26.6.1942
11:44
Hurricane 8./JG 27 SW Mersa Matruch
15.
26.6.1942
16:10
P-40 8./JG 27 SW Mersa Matruch
16.
2.7.1942
7:00
P-40 8./JG 27 SE El-Alamein
17.
2.7.1942
7:05
P-40 8./JG 27 E El-Alamein
18.
3.7.1942
14:40
Hurricane 8./JG 27 S Imayid
19.
3.7.1942
14:47
Hurricane 8./JG 27 SE El-Hammam
20.
3.7.1942
14:50
P-40 8./JG 27 SE El-Hammam
21.
4.7.1942
18:40
P-40 8./JG 27 SE El-Alamein
22.
6.7.1942
11:45
P-40 8./JG 27 20km SW El-Alamein
23.
6.7.1942
11:48
P-40 8./JG 27 21km SW El-Alamein
24.
11.7.1942
16:05
Spitfire 8./JG 27 SE El-Alamein
25.
11.7.1942
16:10
P-40 8./JG 27 SW El-Alamein
26.
13.7.1942
9:57
Hurricane 8./JG 27 S El Hammam
27.
13.7.1942
10:02
Hurricane 8./JG 27 S El Hammam
28.
13.7.1942
10:05
Hurricane 8./JG 27 S El Hammam
29.
14.7.1942
10:15
P-40 8./JG 27 SW El-Alamein
30.
16.7.1942
18:30
P-40 8./JG 27 SW El-Alamein
31.
17.7.1942
18:25
P-40 8./JG 27 W El-Alamein
32.
8.9.1942
12:45
Spitfire 8./JG 27 Deir-El-Tarfa area
33.
8.9.1942
12:50
Spitfire 8./JG 27 Deir-El-Tarfa area
34.
13.9.1942
17:25
P-40 8./JG 27 7km SW El-Alamein
35.
15.9.1942
11:40
P-40 8./JG 27 W El-Alamein
36.
15.9.1942
11:43
P-40 8./JG 27 W El-Alamein
37.
15.9.1942
11:55
P-40 8./JG 27 S El-Alamein
38.
15.9.1942
16:45
P-40 8./JG 27 NE Deir-El-Tarfa
39.
15.9.1942
16:55
P-40 8./JG 27 NE Deir-El-Tarfa
40.
15.9.1942
17:03
Spitfire 8./JG 27 El-Alamein area
41.
16.9.1942
9:25
P-40 8./JG 27 S El-Alamein
42.
20.9.1942
16:33
P-40 8./JG 27 8km SW El-Alamein
43.
21.9.1942
16:30
Spitfire 8./JG 27 N El-Hammam
44.
30.9.1942
10:30
Spitfire 8./JG 27 Abu-Dweis
45.
2.10.1942
15:40
P-40 8./JG 27 NNE Deir-El-Tarfa
46.
9.10.1942
9:25
Boston 8./JG 27 NE El-Daba
47.
9.10.1942
16:15
Spitfire 8./JG 27 NW El-Daba
48.
9.10.1942
16:20
Hurricane 8./JG 27 SE Bir-el-Abd
49.
20.10.1942
14:12
P-40 8./JG 27 SW Deir-El-Tarfa
50.
23.10.1942
8:00
P-46 8./JG 27 NE El-Alamein
51.
23.10.1942
8:30
P-46 8./JG 27 SE El-Alamein
52.
24.10.1942
8:25
P-40 8./JG 27 NE El-Alamein
53.
24.10.1942
16:45
Hurricane 8./JG 27 SW El-Alamein
54.
26.10.1942
13:10
P-40 8./JG 27 W El-Alamein
55.
27.10.1942
-
P-40 8./JG 27 NW Quotaifiya
56.
27.10.1942
-
P-40 8./JG 27 N Quotaifiya
57.
27.10.1942
-
P-40 8./JG 27 NE El-Daba
58.
29.10.1942
12:25
Spitfire 8./JG 27 S El-Alamein
59.
30.10.1942
9:20
P-39 8./JG 27 SSE El-Daba
60.
4.11.1942
12:15
B-24 8./JG 27 between Sollum and Benghasi
61.
16.11.1942
15:20
P-40 8./JG 27 S Tecis
62.
11.2.1943
13:30
B-26 8./JG 27 NNE Karpathos / in fact Beaufort
63.
11.2.1943
13:34
B-26 8./JG 27 NNE Karpathos / in fact Beaufort
64.
29.4.1943
18:08
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 60km SE Maréttimo
65.
29.4.1943
18:10
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 60km SE Maréttimo
66.
5.5.1943
15:00
B-24 Stab II./JG 27 NW Maréttimo
67.
9.5.1943
13:10
B-24 Stab II./JG 27 E Capo Gallo
68.
9.5.1943
13:40
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 70km NW Capo San Vito
69.
11.5.1943
11:46
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 60km NE Cap Bon
70.
11.5.1943
12:14
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 S Marsala
71.
18.5.1943
13:45
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 NW Trapani
72.
19.5.1943
13:42
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 W Maréttimo
73.
21.5.1943
11:21
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 S Marsala
74.
21.5.1943
11:28
Spitfire Stab II./JG 27 NW Pantelleria
75.
25.5.1943
11:17
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 NW Maréttimo
76.
31.5.1943
14:40
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 WNW Trapani
77.
7.6.1943
6:44
P-40 Stab II./JG 27 5km N Pantelleria
78.
10.6.1943
9:26
P-46 Stab II./JG 27 3km SSW Granitola Torreta
79.
10.6.1943
9:27
P-46 Stab II./JG 27 4km SSW Granitola Torreta
80.
10.6.1943
-
Boston Stab II./JG 27  
81.
15.6.1943
8:23
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 2km W Favignana
82.
11.7.1943
13:20
B-24 Stab II./JG 27 25km S Crotone
83.
16.7.1943
13:00
B-24 Stab II./JG 27 5km SW Santeramo in Colle
84.
16.7.1943
13:15
B-24 Stab II./JG 27 10km WSW Bari
85.
23.7.1943
14:10
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 20km N Stromboli
86.
6.9.1943
11:08
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 E Geislingen
87.
6.9.1943
-
B-17 HSS Stab II./JG 27 S Echterdingen
88.
6.9.1943
-
B-17 HSS Stab II./JG 27 SE Stuttgart
89.
14.10.1943
-
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 Alzey
90.
29.11.1943
14:48
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 SSW Bremen
91.
19.12.1943
12:38
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 Krimml
92.
7.1.1944
12:07
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 N Saarbrücken
93.
7.1.1944
12:20
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 N Saarbrücken
94.
11.1.1944
12:25
B-24 Stab II./JG 27 SE Assen
95.
11.1.1944
13:30
B-17 HSS Stab II./JG 27 W Almelo
96.
29.1.1944
11:02
B-17 HSS Stab II./JG 27 St. Wendel
97.
25.2.1944
12:28
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 20km NE Chiemsee
98.
25.2.1944
12:31
B-17 Stab II./JG 27 Altötting
99.
3.3.1944
12:23
P-38 Stab II./JG 27 Magdeburg
100.
24.5.1944
-
B-17 Stab III./JG 54  
101.
24.5.1944
-
B-17 Stab III./JG 54  
102.
24.5.1944
-
P-51 Stab III./JG 54  
103.
11.3.1945
-
P-39 Stab JG 3  
104.
11.3.1945
-
Pe-2 Stab JG 3  
105.
11.3.1945
-
Pe-2 Stab JG 3  
106.
15.3.1945
-
P-39 Stab JG 3  
107.
15.3.1945
-
La-5 Stab JG 3  
108.
15.3.1945
-
Yak-3 Stab JG 3  
109.
19.4.1945
-
Il-2 Stab JG 3  
110.
19.4.1945
-
Yak-3 Stab JG 3  
111.
24.4.1945
-
Yak-3 Stab JG 3  
112.
24.4.1945
-
Yak-9 Stab JG 3  
113.
26.4.1945
-
La-5 Stab JG 3  
114.
26.4.1945
-
La-5 Stab JG 3  

Victories : 114
Awards : Knight`s Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Units : JG 27, JG 54, JG 3

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