Walter Matoni
Major
Walter Matoni
 
      Walter Matoni was born on 27 June 1917 at Duisburg. Matoni was posted to JG 27 in summer 1940. Feldwebel Matoni was assigned to 9./JG 27. He accumulated four victories with this unit, including his first, a RAF Hurricane fighter on 30 September, during the Battle of Britain. During July 1941, Matoni, operating over Russia, claimed three further victories to raise his victory total to four. On 17 August 1941, Feldwebel Matoni joined JG 26 based on the Channel front. He was assigned to 5./JG 26 but was soon transferred to 7./JG 2 on 21 September. The reason for his transfer is not known. He was badly wounded in aerial combat resulting in a lengthy convalescence. Matoni was transferred to undertake a tour as an instructor with Jagdgruppe West as part of his recovery programme. He arrived on 20 October 1942 and served with the unit until 13 February 1943. In February 1943, Leutnant Matoni arrived at JG 26 from his stint as an instructor. He was assigned to II./JG 26 based in France. He shot down a RAF Spitfire fighter on 17 June to record his fifth victory. On 31 August, Oberleutnant Matoni’s Fw 190 A-5 (W.Nr. 530 118) “Black 1” was hit and he was wounded by return fire from USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers he was attacking. He force-landed at Montdidier. He was back in action in December claiming a RAF Spitfire fighter shot down near Boulogne on the 21 December as his 8th victory. In an action against USAAF B-26 twin-engine bombers on 14 January 1944, Matoni shot down a RAF Spitfire fighter escorting the bombers. His victim was, in all likelihood, an American ace flying with the RAF, Sqn Ldr Franz Colloredo-Mansfeld (3 confirmed, 4 probable and 4 damaged victories) of 132 Sqn, RAF. On 24 February, Matoni shot down an unescorted USAAF B-24 four-engine bomber near Frankfurt for his 13th and JG 26’s 2000th victory. Matoni was appointed Staffelkapitän of 5./JG 26 on 25 February 1944. On 10 May, Matoni was awarded the Deutsches Kreuz in Gold for 20 victories. Included in his total were 11 four-engine bombers, five of which were Herausschüsse. By June, Matoni had received promotion to Hauptmann. On 15 August 1944, Matoni was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 11. He was then appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 2 on 24 September, replacing Hauptmann Erich Hohagen (56 victories, RK), who had suffered serious head injuries in a forced landing. On 5 December, Matoni was so seriously injured in a crash he was unable to undertake any further combat flying. However, he was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 2 in January 1945, a position he held until 28 February, fulfilling the role in a non-flying capacity. Matoni was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 2 January 1945. He ended the war at the Fighter Pilot’s rest-home at Bad Wiessee. Matoni died on 26 June 1988.
    Walter Matoni was credited with 34 victories in over 400 missions. He recorded three victories over the Eastern front. Of his 31 victories recorded over the Western front, 14 were four-engine bombers.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location
Comments
1.
30.9.1940
10:35
Hurricane 9./JG 27 Tunbridge Wells  
2.
17.7.1941
3:45
DB-3 9./JG 27 Pnewo  
3.
26.7.1941
4:21
R-10 9./JG 27 E Duchowschtschina  
4.
27.7.1941
4:05
DB-3 9./JG 27 A Shiziskoje Osero  
5.
17.6.1943
9:50
Spitfire 6./JG 26 10km NW Zeebrugge Spitfire of 316 Sqn, RAF
6.
15.7.1943
16:55
Spitfire 5./JG 26 5km SW Rue Spitfire of 602 Sqn, RAF
7.
27.8.1943
19:35
B-17 5./JG 26 3km NW Dunkirk B-17 of 351 BG, USAAF
8.
21.12.1943
12:08
Spitfire 6./JG 26 3km SSW Boulogne Spitfire of 132 or 602 Sqn, RAF
9.
30.12.1943
11:50
B-24 6./JG 26 15km NW Soissons  
10.
11.1.1944
13:30
B-17 6./JG 26 10km N Almelo B-17 of 92 BG, USAAF
11.
14.1.1944
12:02
Spitfire 6./JG 26 Doullens Spitfire of 132 Sqn, RAF possibly flown by S/L Franz Colloredo-Mansfeld (3/4/4 victories), killed
12.
29.1.1944
11:30
B-17 HSS 6./JG 26 12km SW Mühlhausen  
13.
24.2.1944
13:55
B-24 5./JG 26 Rodenrot Kr. Dillenburg  
14.
6.3.1944
15:05
B-17 5./JG 26 15km E Jülich B-17G (42-31448) of 381 BG, USAAF flown by 2nd Lt M Fastrup, crash-landed, all crew POW
15.
8.3.1944
13:30
B-17 5./JG 26 Mittelland Canal B-17 of 388 BG, USAAF
16.
8.3.1944
13:40
B-17 HSS 5./JG 26 Nienburg-Weser B-17 of 452 BG, USAAF
17.
12.4.1944
13:05
B-24 HSS 5./JG 26 S Liege B-24 of 445 BG, USAAF
18.
12.4.1944
13:28
B-24 HSS 5./JG 26 SE Liege B-24 of 445 BG, USAAF
19.
13.4.1944
13:25
B-17 HSS 5./JG 26 15km W Bitburg B-17 of 303 BG, USAAF
20.
13.4.1944
16:00
P-47 5./JG 26 32km N Kaiserslautern  
21.
17.6.1944
6:38
P-51 5./JG 26 Caen Probable
22.
21.6.1944
21:46
P-38 5./JG 26 W Paris P-38 of 474 FG, USAAF
23.
24.6.1944
7:28
Spitfire 5./JG 26 S Évreux  
24.
2.7.1944
20:52
Spitfire 5./JG 26 NW Caen  
25.
20.8.1944
15:56
P-47 Stab I./JG 11 Houdan  
26.
28.9.1944
10:45
Spitfire Stab I./JG 11 Nijmegen-Emmerich  
27.
4.10.1944
13:37
P-47 Stab I./JG 11 Lüttich area  
?
20.10.1944
10:45
P-38 Stab I./JG 2 E Köln-Bonn  
?
29.10.1944
15:13
P-38 Stab I./JG 2 Wesseling  
?
19.11.1944
10:29
P-47 Stab I./JG 2 SW Düren  
?
X-XII.1944
-
E/a Stab I./JG 2    
?
X-XII.1944
-
E/a Stab I./JG 2    
?
X-XII.1944
-
E/a Stab I./JG 2    
?
X-XII.1944
-
E/a Stab I./JG 2    
 
Victories : 34
Awards : Ehrenpokal (31 March 1944)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (1 October 1944)
                Ritterkreuz (16 December 1944)
Units : JG 27, JG 26, JG 2, JG 11
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