Heinz "Negus" Marquardt
Fahnenjunker-Oberfeldwebel

Heinz Marquardt

    Heinz “Negus” Marquardt was born on 29 December 1922 at Braunsberg in East Prussia. A proficient glider pilot pre-war, he joined the Luftwaffe on 1 April 1940. Flieger Marquardt underwent three months of basic military training at Neukuhren in East Prussia before commencing his flying training with Schule / Flieger-Ausbildungs-Regiment 31 at Heiligenbeil on 1 July 1940. On 26 June 1941, he was posted to Jagdfliegervorschule 1, based at Kamenz. Marquart was posted to Jagfliegerschule 5, based at Villacoublay North in France, on 15 September 1941. From 1 February 1942, he was undertaking fighter instructor duties and operating with the Einsatzstaffel of JFS 5 in support of JG 2 and JG 26 in the defence of France over the Channel front. On 1 August 1943, Marquardt was transferred to JG 51, based on the Eastern front. Unteroffizier Marquardt was assigned to 11./JG 51, based at that time at Timminitschi, where he gained his initial combat experiences flying as wing man to Hauptmann Adolf Borchers (132 victories, RK). He gained his first victory, a Russian Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft, shot down on 2 October. On 29 April 1944, he shot down three Russian R-5 reconnaisance biplanes to record his 10th through 12th victories. Marquardt shot down three Russian Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft on 8 June (20-22). Marquardt was transferred to 10./JG 51 on 17 June 1944. In August, he recorded 21 victories to take his victory total to 55. On 15 August 10./JG 51 was redesignated 13./JG 51. His 60th victory was achieved on 5 September. Marquardt was awarded the Deutsches Kreuz in Gold on 10 September 1944. In October 1944, 13./JG 51 under Leutnant Peter Kalden (69 victories, RK, POW 11 March 1945) claimed 81 victories, of which Marquardt claimed 25, including eight victories on 7 October (64-71). Oberfeldwebel Marquardt was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 18 November 1944 for 89 victories.

Lt. Kurt Tanzer (left) and FjOfw. Heinz Negus Marquardt
Lt. Kurt Tanzer (left) and FjOfw. Heinz "Negus" Marquardt
 
    In early December 1944, Marquardt was temporarily assigned to the recently formed 15./JG 51. He returned to 13./JG 51 on 1 April 1945. Marquardt claimed 23 victories in April, several while flying Fw 190 D-9 “White 11” (W.Nr. 213 097), including his 100th on 14 April and four enemy aircraft shot down on each of the days 18 April (106-109) and 24 April. Marquardt led a formation of six Fw 190 D-9 fighters as top cover for 12 Fw 190 F-8 ground-attack aircraft that were due to land at Schwerin airfield on 1 May 1945. Having taken-off from Neu Redlin, the formation was flying over Lake Schwerin when it was intercepted by six Spitfire XIV of 41 Sqn, RAF. In the subsequent aerial combat Marquardt shot down a Spitfire for his 121st, and last, victory but then he was shot down, baling out wounded. This had been the last of eight occasions on which he had been shot down during his combat career. He landed in the grounds of a hospital where he was able to receive immediate medical attention. A week later, still hospitalised, the war ended and Marquardt became an American prisoner of war. He was transferred to a hospital at Göppingen, near Stuttgart, from where he was discharged 23 August 1945. In 1947, Marquardt left Germany for Switzerland, where he became a flying instructor. He joined the Bundesluftwaffe, with the rank of Leutnant, on its formation in 1956. Over the next 13 years, he fulfilled various posts, including that of Staffelkapitän of JG 73. He retired on 30 September 1973, having risen to the rank of Oberstleutnant. From February 1974 until October 1983, he worked for Condor, a subsidiary airline of Lufthansa. He now lives in retirement in Frankfurt.
    “Negus” Marquardt achieved 121 aerial victories in 320 combat missions. In addition he claimed 16 victories that remained unconfirmed. but one of his
victories were claimed over the Eastern Front and include at least 27 Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
1
2.10.1943
-
Il-2 11./JG 51
2
17.10.1943
9:32
Yak-1 11./JG 51
3
28.10.1943
6:40
Yak-1 11./JG 51
4
21.11.1943
9:50
Il-2 11./JG 51
5
22.11.1943
14:32
Il-2 11./JG 51
6
11.12.1943
11:07
Yak-1 11./JG 51
7
10.1.1944
11:19
Il-2m3 11./JG 51
8
10.1.1944
11:21
Yak-1 11./JG 51
9
9.4.1944
13:32
Yak-9 11./JG 51
10
29.4.1944
10:30
R-5 11./JG 51
11
29.4.1944
10:31
R-5 11./JG 51
12
29.4.1944
10:32
R-5 11./JG 51
13
2.5.1944
5:44
Yak-9 11./JG 51
14
2.5.1944
5:45
Il-2 11./JG 51
15
10.5.1944
7:10
R-5 11./JG 51
16
10.5.1944
7:11
R-5 11./JG 51
17
18.5.1944
8:20
Yak-9 11./JG 51
18
23.5.1944
11:09
La-5 11./JG 51
19
28.5.1944
6:35
La-5 11./JG 51
20
8.6.1944
11:20
Il-2 11./JG 51
21
8.6.1944
11:23
Il-2 11./JG 51
22
8.6.1944
11:30
Il-2 11./JG 51
23
11.6.1944
13:21
La-5 11./JG 51
24
4.7.1944
20:55
Il-2 10./JG 51
25
4.7.1944
20:57
Il-2 10./JG 51
26
4.7.1944
20:58
Il-2 10./JG 51
27
4.7.1944
20:59
Yak-9 10./JG 51
28
6.7.1944
10:25
Yak-9 10./JG 51
29
6.7.1944
10:29
Yak-9 10./JG 51
30
17.7.1944
17:47
Yak-9 10./JG 51
31
20.7.1944
14:35
Yak-9 10./JG 51
32
24.7.1944
7:46
P-39 10./JG 51
33
31.7.1944
10:35
Yak-9 10./JG 51
34
31.7.1944
13:16
Yak-9 10./JG 51
35
1.8.1944
6:23
Yak-9 10./JG 51
36
1.8.1944
10:48
Il-2 10./JG 51
37
1.8.1944
10:58
Yak-9 10./JG 51
38
2.8.1944
8:00
Il-2 10./JG 51
39
2.8.1944
8:02
Il-2 10./JG 51
40
4.8.1944
7:52
Yak-9 10./JG 51
41
5.8.1944
8:08
Yak-9 10./JG 51
42
5.8.1944
8:10
Yak-9 10./JG 51
43
7.8.1944
13:30
Yak-9 10./JG 51
44
8.8.1944
11:05
Yak-1 10./JG 51
45
8.8.1944
11:10
Il-2 10./JG 51
46
8.8.1944
11:12
Il-2 10./JG 51
47
8.8.1944
16:34
Il-2 10./JG 51
48
9.8.1944
11:56
Yak-9 10./JG 51
49
9.8.1944
14:54
Il-2 10./JG 51
50
9.8.1944
14:57
Yak-9 10./JG 51
51
14.8.1944
10:55
Yak-9 10./JG 51
52
16.8.1944
17:22
Yak-9 13./JG 51
53
17.8.1944
10:51
Yak-9 13./JG 51
54
17.8.1944
10:54
Il-2 13./JG 51
55
29.8.1944
9:56
Yak-9 13./JG 51
56
1.9.1944
13:44
Yak-9 13./JG 51
57
4.9.1944
17:18
Yak-9 13./JG 51
58
4.9.1944
17:21
Il-2 13./JG 51
59
4.9.1944
17:25
Yak-9 13./JG 51
60
5.9.1944
18:42
La-5 13./JG 51
61
IX.1944
-
E/a 13./JG 51
62
11.9.1944
15:23
Yak-9 13./JG 51
63
15.9.1944
12:26
P-39 13./JG 51
64
7.10.1944
12:54
Yak-9 13./JG 51
65
7.10.1944
12:58
Yak-9 13./JG 51
66
7.10.1944
13:04
Boston 13./JG 51
67
7.10.1944
16:10
Yak-9 13./JG 51
68
7.10.1944
16:11
Yak-9 13./JG 51
69
7.10.1944
16:14
Yak-9 13./JG 51
70
7.10.1944
-
Boston 13./JG 51
71
7.10.1944
-
Boston 13./JG 51
72
13.10.1944
12:11
Yak-9 13./JG 51
73
13.10.1944
15:26
Boston 13./JG 51
74
15.10.1944
11:42
Yak-9 13./JG 51
75
15.10.1944
11:46
Yak-9 13./JG 51
76
17.10.1944
14:52
Yak-9 13./JG 51
77
17.10.1944
14:55
Yak-9 13./JG 51
78
19.10.1944
10:12
Yak-9 13./JG 51
79
19.10.1944
10:14
Yak-9 13./JG 51
80
19.10.1944
10:15
Yak-9 13./JG 51
81
X.1944
-
E/a 13./JG 51
82
21.10.1944
15:15
Yak-9 13./JG 51
83
23.10.1944
9:25
Il-2 13./JG 51
84
24.10.1944
8:40
P-39 13./JG 51
85
24.10.1944
8:20
Yak-9 13./JG 51
86
24.10.1944
13:52
Il-2 13./JG 51
87
24.10.1944
13:54
Il-2 13./JG 51
88
24.10.1944
13:57
Il-2 13./JG 51
89
25.10.1944
12:23
Yak-9 13./JG 51
90-98
?
-
9 victories 13./JG 51
99
14.4.1945
9:00-10:00
Yak-3 13./JG 51
100
14.4.1945
9:00-10:00
Yak-3 13./JG 51
101
15.4.1945
15:35-16:20
P-39 13./JG 51
102
15.4.1945
15:35-16:20
P-39 13./JG 51
103
15.4.1945
15:35-16:20
Yak-3 13./JG 51
104
16.4.1945
-
Yak-3 13./JG 51
105
16.4.1945
-
Yak-3 13./JG 51
106
18.4.1945
8:25-9:10
Il-2 13./JG 51
107
18.4.1945
8:25-9:10
Yak-3 13./JG 51
108
18.4.1945
8:25-9:10
Yak-3 13./JG 51
109
18.4.1945
8:25-9:10
Il-2 13./JG 51
?
24.4.1945
-
Yak-3 13./JG 51
?
24.4.1945
-
Yak-3 13./JG 51
?
24.4.1945
-
Yak-3 13./JG 51
?
24.4.1945
-
Yak-3 13./JG 51
?
27.4.1945
17:15-18:15
Yak-3 13./JG 51
?
29.4.1945
14:45-15:30
Il-2 13./JG 51
121
1.5.1945
-
Spitfire 13./JG 51

Victories : 121
Awards : Ehrenpokal (26 July 1944)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (10 September 1944)
                Ritterkreuz (18 November 1944)
Units : JG 51

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