Günther "Franzl" Lützow
Oberst

Günther Lützow

   Günther “Franzl” Lützow was born on 4 September 1912 at Kiel to an illustrious German naval family. He was descended from an old Prussian family of the same name. In 1931, he learned to fly at the Deutschen Verkehrsfliegerschule at Schliessheim. Later, he underwent fighter pilot training at the clandestine German base at Lipetsk in Russia. 1934 saw Lützow serving as a Leutnant with an Infantry Regiment before transferring to the newly formed Luftwaffe. Initially, he served with I./JG 132 “Richtofen”. Lützow commenced his operational career as a fighter pilot as Staffelkapitän of 2./J 88 of the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War. Between March and September 1937, Oberleutnant Lützow accumulated five victories, including the first ever recorded by the Bf 109, and was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwerten und Brillanten. From November 1938, Lützow undertook instructing duties at Jagdfliegerschule 1, based at Werneuchen, before being appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 3 on 3 November 1939. He led the Gruppe through the French campaign recording nine victories, including his first in World War 2, on 14 May 1940, when he shot down two French Curtiss Hawk 75 fighters near Dinant. Lützow led I./JG 3 into the Battle of Britain. On 21 August 1940, Oberstleutnant Lützow was appointed Kommodore of JG 3. He recorded eight further victories during the aerial battles over England. Lützow was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 18 September. In spring 1941, Stab/JG 3 was relocated to Mannheim-Sandhofen in Germany for rest and refit. Here the unit received new Bf 109 F-2 fighters before again being relocated to the Channel front on 4 May 1941. Lützow led JG 3 during the invasion of Russia. On 17 July 1941, he recorded his 40th victory. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 27) on 20 July. On 17 September, he shot down his 72nd victim. He was shot down by flak on 23 September, force-landing behind enemy lines. He successfully returned unhurt. In October, he recorded 29 victories, including five Russian twin-engine bombers shot down on 8 October. He was awarded the Schwerten (Nr 4) on 11 October 1941, after his 92nd victory. He became the second Experte to achieve 100 victories, when he downed three Russian fighters in the Moscow area on 24 October to record victories 99 through 101. Lützow was promptly grounded on orders from above.  On 4 November, he led Stab/JG 3 back to Germany and a base at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim to rest and re-equip. In May 1942, Lützow led JG 3 back to the Russian front commencing operations in the Kharkov area. There followed much action in the Crimea and before Stalingrad. Lützow added one additional victory when he shot down a Russian I-61 fighter on 21 May 1942 for his 107th victory. On 11 August 1942, Lützow was posted to the staff of the General der Jagdflieger where he took up the role of Inspector of Day Fighters, Eastern area. In July 1943, Oberst Lützow was appointed Kommandeur of Jagdabschnittsführer Italien, based at Naples. In September, the unit was absorbed into Jagdfliegerführer Oberitalien. He then commanded 1. Jagddivision based at Döberitz from 15 September until 23 March 1944, where he assumed overall command for day and night fighter operations in north western Germany, Holland and Belgium. By January 1944, he was commanding 4. Fliegerschuldivision based at Strassburg, responsible for the training of new fighter pilots. Lützow would become known as the prinicipal architect behind the so-called “Fighter Pilots’ Mutiny”. In fact the “Mutiny” was a valiant and well-intended attempt to “save” Adolf Galland who had been dismissed as General der Jagdflieger for his outspokeness of the Luftwaffe high command. Lützow’s part in the affair was regarded as “mutiny” by Göring who relieved him of his command of 4. Fliegerschuldivision and had him posted, in exile, to Italy to take over Jagdfliegerführer Oberitalien. He was later granted approval to join Adolf Galland’s JV 44. Lützow recorded two additional victories flying the Me 262 jet fighter, but then went missing on 24 April 1945 near Donauworth attempting to intercept a USAAF B-26 twin-engine bomber raid. His body was never recovered and his aircraft never found…
    Günther Lützow was credited with 110 victories achieved in over 300 combat missions. He scored 5 victories during the Spanish Civil War. He recorded 20 victories over the Western Front, including at least one four-engine bombers, and 85 victories over the Eastern Front.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location / Comments
1
6.4.1937
-
I-15 2. J/88 Spain
2
22.5.1937
-
I-15 2. J/88 Spain
3
28.5.1937
-
I-15 2. J/88 Spain
4
18.8.1937
-
I-15 2. J/88 Spain
5
22.8.1937
-
I-16 2. J/88 Spain
6
14.5.1940
20:20~
Curtiss I./JG 3 NW Dinant
7
14.5.1940
20:20~
Curtiss I./JG 3 NW Dinant
8
15.5.1940
13:20
Curtiss I./JG 3 SE Charleroi
9
19.5.1940
19:15
Hurricane I./JG 3 N Arras
10
31.5.1940
19:35
Morane 406 I./JG 3 S Amiens
11
31.5.1940
19:35
Morane 406 I./JG 3 S Amiens
12
3.6.1940
-
Curtiss I./JG 3 Compiegnie-Meaux
13
6.6.1940
-
Blenheim I./JG 3 St Valéry-Abbeville
14
8.6.1940
13:05
Blenheim I./JG 3 Abbeville
15
16.8.1940
-
Spitfire I./JG 3 -
16
26.8.1940
-
Defiant Stab/JG 3 -
17
26.8.1940
-
Defiant Stab/JG 3 -
18
7.9.1940
-
Hurricane Stab/JG 3 -
19
9.9.1940
-
Hurricane Stab/JG 3 -
20
15.9.1940
-
Hurricane Stab/JG 3 -
21
5.10.1940
-
Curtiss Stab/JG 3 -
22
5.10.1940
-
Curtiss Stab/JG 3 -
23
5.11.1940
-
Spitfire Stab/JG 3 -
24
22.6.1941
4:30
I-18 Stab/JG 3 -
25
23.6.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
26
23.6.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
27
24.6.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
28
26.6.1941
13:20
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
29
26.6.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
30
26.6.1941
-
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
31
27.6.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
32
28.6.1941
-
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
33
7.7.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
34
10.7.1941
-
V-11 Stab/JG 3 -
35
10.7.1941
-
I-53 Stab/JG 3 -
36
10.7.1941
-
I-53 Stab/JG 3 -
37
10.7.1941
-
I-53 Stab/JG 3 -
38
11.7.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
39
15.7.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
40
15.7.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
41
15.7.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
42
16.7.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
43
16.7.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
44
16.7.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
45
17.7.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
46
20.7.1941
-
V-11 Stab/JG 3 -
47
20.7.1941
-
V-11 Stab/JG 3 -
48
29.7.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
49
31.7.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
50
31.7.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
51
31.7.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
52
7.8.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
53
7.8.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
54
8.8.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
55
9.8.1941
-
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
56
9.8.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
57
11.8.1941
-
R-5 Stab/JG 3 -
58
12.8.1941
12:35
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
59
12.8.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
60
13.8.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 Kanev region / I-16 of 88IAP VVS flown by Mladshiy Lt Ivan Novikov
61
13.8.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 Kanev region / I-16 of 88IAP VVS
62
6.9.1941
-
R-10 Stab/JG 3 -
63
6.9.1941
-
R-10 Stab/JG 3 -
64
7.9.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
65
7.9.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
66
7.9.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
67
7.9.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
68
8.9.1941
-
R-10 Stab/JG 3 -
69
9.9.1941
-
I-26 Stab/JG 3 -
70
9.9.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
71
11.9.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
72
11.9.1941
-
I-61 Stab/JG 3 -
73
12.9.1941
-
SB-2 Stab/JG 3 -
74
13.9.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
75
13.9.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
76
14.9.1941
-
I-26 Stab/JG 3 -
77
17.9.1941
-
PS-84 Stab/JG 3 -
78
5.10.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
79
5.10.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
80
5.10.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
81
5.10.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
82
6.10.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
83
6.10.1941
-
I-153 Stab/JG 3 -
84
6.10.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
85
7.10.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
86
8.10.1941
12:00
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
87
8.10.1941
12:01
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
88
8.10.1941
12:02
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
89
8.10.1941
14:25
DB-3a Stab/JG 3 -
90
8.10.1941
14:28
DB-3a Stab/JG 3 -
91
9.10.1941
12:00
I-18 Stab/JG 3 -
92
9.10.1941
-
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
93
9.10.1941
-
Il-2 Stab/JG 3 -
94
9.10.1941
-
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
95
10.10.1941
14:10
I-18 Stab/JG 3 -
96
10.10.1941
14:13
I-18 Stab/JG 3 -
97
11.10.1941
11:10
I-61 Stab/JG 3 -
98
12.10.1941
14:30
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
99
12.10.1941
14:35
Pe-2 Stab/JG 3 -
100
12.10.1941
-
TB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
101
14.10.1941
-
I-61 Stab/JG 3 -
102
14.10.1941
-
DB-3 Stab/JG 3 -
103
23.10.1941
15:25
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
104
24.10.1941
10:40
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
105
24.10.1941
10:50
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
106
24.10.1941
14:23
I-16 Stab/JG 3 -
107
21.5.1942
12:30
I-61 Stab/JG 3 -
108
29.7.1942
10:20
LaGG-3 Stab/JG 3 NE Kalatsch
109
?.4.1945
-
Viermot JV 44 -
110
24.4.1945
-
B-26 JV 44 Augsburg area

Victories : 110
Awards : Ritterkreuz (18 September 1940)
                Eichenlaub (20 July 1941)
                Schwerten (11 October 1941)
Units : J/88, JG 3, JG 51, JV 44

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