Ludwig "Zirkus" Franzisket
Major
 
Ludwig Franzisket
 
    Ludwig “Zirkus” Franzisket was born on 26 June 1917 at Düsseldorf. Fähnrich Franzisket was serving with JG 26 in 1938. On 1 August 1939, he transferred to 1./JG 1. He participated in the invasion of Poland and the Low Countries and France. On 11 May 1940, Franzisket claimed his first two victories. He ended the French campaign with nine victories to his credit, including two French LeO 451 twin-engine bombers shot down near Nesle on one mission and a French Morane fighter shot down near Roye on a later mission to record his 7th through 9th victories on 5 June. On 9 July, 1./JG 1 was redesignated 7./JG 27. On 1 October 1940, Franzisket was transferred as Adjutant of I./JG 27. In spring 1941, I./JG 27 was relocated to North Africa. Franzisket had 14 victories to his credit at this time. On 14 June, Franzisket intercepted a lone RAF Maryland twin-engine bomber escorted by a Hurricane fighter. He shot down both aircraft. The Hurricane was piloted by South African ace, Captain Ken Driver (10 destroyed and 1 damaged victories) of 1 Sqn, SAAF, who baled out to become a prisoner of war. Oberleutnant Franzisket was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 23 July for 22 victories in 204 missions. Franzisket was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 27 on 6 December 1941. On 25 December, Franzisket was wounded when his Bf 109 F-4trop was damaged by flak 40km south of Agedabia. On 11 April 1942 he shot down a P-40 to raise his victory total to 30. On 29 October 1942, Franzisket was shot down in aerial combat with RAF Spitfire fighters. He baled out of his stricken Bf 109 G-2trop (W.Nr. 10616) but struck the tailplane breaking a leg. When I./JG 27 was withdrawn from North Africa at the end of 1942, Franzisket had 39 victories to his credit. From 1 July 1943, Franzisket led 1./Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Süd. He attended a fighter leader’s course from 15 July before being appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 27 based in Germany performing Reichsverteidigung duties. On 14 October, he claimed two USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers from the formations raiding Schweinfurt. On 12 May 1944, in aerial combat with four-engine bombers over Bad Orb, Franzisket’s Bf 109 G-6/U4 (W.Nr. 441097) was hit by return fire and he was badly wounded. He successfully baled out of his stricken aircraft despite his wounds. Following his recovery, Franzisket led the fighter leaders’ courses at Königsberg in Neumark from 1 October 1944. He was able to shoot down two USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers on 6 October. On 15 December 1944, Franzisket joined the Geschwaderstab of JG 27. He was appointed Kommodore of JG 27 on 30 December 1944.Franzisket died on 23 November 1988 at Münster.
    “Zirkus” Franzisket was credited with 43 victories in over 500 missions. He recorded all his victories over the Western front. Included in his victory total are four four-engined bombers.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location
Comments
1
11.5.1940
6:53
Gladiator 1./JG 1 Near Maastricht Gladiator of 1/I/2 of Armee de l’Air Belge flown by Sgt Denis Rolin, baled out
2
11.5.1940
19:55
Morane 1./JG 1 Riemst  
3
17.5.1940
13:05
Potez 63 1./JG 1 Laon  
4
19.5.1940
13:50
Mureaux 1./JG 1 Amiens  
5
23.5.1940
14:12
Hurricane 1./JG 1 Douai  
6
23.5.1940
14:20
Hurricane 1./JG 1 Douai  
7
5.6.1940
10:45
LeO 451 1./JG 1 Nesle  
8
5.6.1940
10:50
LeO 451 1./JG 1 Nesle  
9
5.6.1940
21:22
Morane 1./JG 1 Roye  
10
11.7.1940
9:03
Hurricane 7./JG 27 S Portland Spitfire (L1069) of 609 Sqn, RAF flown by F/Lt PH Barran, killed
11
8.8.1940
13:25
Hurricane 7./JG 27 S Isle of Wight  
12
16.8.1940
14:20
Hurricane 7./JG 27 Portsmouth  
13
25.8.1940
18:55
Hurricane 7./JG 27 Portland  
14
8.9.1940
13:42
Blenheim 7./JG 27 Calais  
15
23.4.1941
10:40
Hurricane Stab I./JG 27 Tobruk Hurricane of 73 Sqn, RAF
16
23.4.1941
11:05
Hurricane Stab I./JG 27 Tobruk Hurricane of 73 Sqn, RAF
17
14.6.1941
5:05
Hurricane 3./JG 27 S Ain el Gazala Hurricane (V7818) of 1 Sqn, SAAF flown by Capt KW Driver (10/0/1 victories), baled out, POW
18
14.6.1941
5:06
Martin 167 3./JG 27 SE Ain el Gazala Maryland of 24 Sqn, SAAF
19
15.6.1941
16:30
Hurricane 3./JG 27 SE Gambut Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
20
26.6.1941
13:45
P-40 3./JG 27 Ain el Gazala Tomahawk of 250 Sqn, RAF
21
30.6.1941
16:35
P-40 3./JG 27 N Marsa Luccech Hurricane of 73 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O JFC Kent
22
19.7.1941
18:15
P-40 3./JG 27 N Ras Asaz  
23
9.9.1941
17:15
Hurricane 3./JG 27 30km E Sidi Barrani Hurricane of 33 Sqn, RAF
24
12.10.1941
8:08
P-40 3./JG 27 Bir Sheferzen Tomahawk of 1 or 2 Sqn, SAAF
25
17.12.1941
11:12
P-40 1./JG 27 Martuba  
26
17.12.1941
11:20
P-40 1./JG 27 SE Tmimi  
27
23.12.1941
12:24
Maryland 1./JG 27 NE Agedabia Maryland of 12 or 21 Sqn, SAAF
28
21.3.1942
7:55
P-40 1./JG 27 N Ain el Gazala Kittyhawk of 94 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O RH Mackillop
29
27.3.1942
16:55
P-40 1./JG 27 S Ain el Gazala Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
30
11.4.1942
10:55
P-40 1./JG 27 20km NE Bir Habex Tomahawk of 4 Sqn, RAAF
31
22.5.1942
7:41
P-40 1./JG 27 20km E Derna Kittyhawk of 112 or 250 Sqn, RAF
-
22.5.1942
-
P-40 1./JG 27 Near Martuba Not confirmed
32
9.6.1942
7:50
P-40 1./JG 27 SW Hagfa el Beda Tomahawk of 4 or 5 Sqn, SAAF
33
12.6.1942
18:50
Hurricane 1./JG 27 El Adem  
34
26.6.1942
12:12
P-40 1./JG 27 SW Mersa Matruh  
35
27.6.1942
8:55
Martin 167 1./JG 27 SW El Daba Baltimore of 223 Sqn, RAF
36
27.6.1942
18:25
Hurricane 1./JG 27 SW Fuka  
37
5.7.1942
13:50
Spitfire 1./JG 27 20km S El Alamein Spitfire V of 145 Sqn, RAF
38
17.7.1942
13:12
Hurricane 1./JG 27 SW El Alamein Hurricane of 92 or 238 Sqn, RAF
39
12.10.1942
-
Spitfire 1./JG 27 La Valetta, Malta Spitfire of 229 Sqn, RAF
40
14.10.1943
14:50
B-17 Stab I./JG 27 10km E Schweinfurt  
41
14.10.1943
14:55
B-17 Stab I./JG 27 20km SE Schweinfurt  
?
14.10.1943
15:02
B-17 Stab I./JG 27 15km WSW Rothenburg  
42
6.10.1944
-
B-17 ?    
43
6.10.1944
-
B-17 ?    

Victories : 43
Awards : Ehrenpokal (20 October 1940)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (12 January 1943)
                Ritterkreuz (23 July 1941)
Units : JG 1, JG 27

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