Georg-Peter Eder
Major

Georg-Peter Eder

    Georg-Peter “Schorsch” Eder was born on 8 March 1921 at Oberdachstetten. In October 1938 he joined the Luftwaffe. At the beginning of April 1939 he enrolled in the aviation academy at Berlin-Gatow. A year later he sat a pilot examination and was sent to aviation school at Werneuchen. He flew his first combat mission with 1./JG 51 on 1 September 1940. He flew with this unit throughout the Battle of Britain but did not gain a victory. In May 1941 he joined 4./JG 51 and with this unit shot down his first aircraft, a RAF Spitfire fighter, on 7 May. Eder marked his participation in the commencement of the campaign on the Eastern Front by destroying two Russian aircraft on 22 June 1941. On 24 July 1941, he was shot down and wounded. On 22 August, Eder collided with a Ju 52 transport aircraft on the ground at Ponjatowska in his Bf 109 F-2 (W.Nr. 9184). He suffered a fracture at the base of the skull and was forced into hospital. He had recorded 10 victories at this time. On  recovery from his injuries, Eder was sent as a flight instructor to Jagdfliegerschule 2 based at Zerbst arriving there on 1 November 1941. Eder was transferred to 7./JG 2 based in France on 1 November 1942. With this unit he participated in the growing battle against the American four-engined heavy bombers. With Hauptmann Egon Mayer (102 victories, of which 25 were four-engined bombers, RK-S), also of III./JG 2, Eder developed the strategies to combat the formations of four-engined B-17s and B-24s. Particularly noteworthy was the development of the head-on attack in order to take advantage of the relatively weak defensive fire from that sector of the bombers. In February 1943 Eder was appointed Staffelkapitän of 12./JG 2. On 28 March he downed a B-17, however, was hit engine of his machine and he was wounded when his Bf 109 G-4 (W.Nr. 14 998) somersaulted upon landing at Beaumont. Eder continued to score steadily, destroying his 20th enemy aircraft on 29 May 1943. After shooting down a P-47 and a B-17 Herauschuss on 30 July his victory total reached 31 victories. On 5 September 1943, Eder was transferred as Staffelkapitän of 5./JG 2. He continued to fight against the formations of four-engined bombers and had continued success against these aircraft. On 5 November, Eder was again forced to bail out of his Bf 109 G-6 (W.Nr. 20 733) and was again injured.

Staffelkapitän 12./JG 2 Oberleutnant Georg-Peter Eder after return from combat mission describes his air battle.
Staffelkapitän 12./JG 2 Oberleutnant Georg-Peter Eder after return from combat mission describes his air battle.

    In March 1944 Oberleutnant Eder was transferred to 6./JG 1. He baled out of his Fw 190 A-7 (W.Nr. 430 645) “Yellow 4” following aerial combat with an USAAF P-47 fighter near Göttingen on 19 April. On 8 May, he downed a B-24 but he was also hit and had to make an emergency landing in Fw 190 A-8 (WNr 170071) “Yellow 4” at Vechta. On 29 May, after shooting down a B-17, colided his Fw 190 A-8 (W.Nr. 730 386) "red 24" with Siebel during landing in Cottbus but Eder escaped unhurt. By the end of the month of May he had a total of 49 confirmed victories. As the Kommandeur of II./JG1 he fought in the aerial battles over Normandy after the Allied invasion. On 21 June 1944 he recorded his 50th victory and on 24 June received the Ritterkreuz. On 11 August 1944 Eder took command of 6./JG 26. In an attack on allied armour near Dreux on 17 August Eder shot down a Spitfire from very low altitude; it crashed between two M-4 Sherman tanks, destroying them both. Shortly after it he shot down a second Spitfire, which crashed on a third tank, setting it on fire. On 4 September Hauptmann Eder became Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 26, the day after the unit's previous Kommandeur Hauptmann Emil Lang (173 victories, RK-EL) was killed in action against USAAF Thunderbolts over St Trond, Belgium. In September Hauptmann Eder was transfered to Erprobungskommando 262 (later Kommando Nowotny) where he was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1./Kdo Nowotny.On 19 November, following redesignation of Kommando Nowotny to JG 7, he commanded 9./JG 7 flying the Me 262 jet fighter in combat with considerable success. During the Ardennes offensive, Eder was to prove his efficacy with the Me 262 in the ground-attack role claiming 40 P-47s destroyed on the ground. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 663) on the 25 November 1944 for 60 victories. On 22 January he was shot down near Parchim by USAAF P-51s and P-38s while preparing to land. He broke both his legs and spent the rest of the war in hospital at Wismar and, later, Bad Weissee where he was captured by US Army troops.
    Altogether he flew 572 combat missions of which 150 were with the Me 262. On the Eastern Front he scored 10 victories and on the Western Front 68, of which no less than 36 were four-engined bombers. With the Me 262 he scored at least 24 victories (most of them couldn`t be officially confirmed). He was the leading scorer against the four-engined bombers, although Eder himself was shot down 17 times, baling out 9 times. He was wounded 14 times.
 
No.
Date
Time
A/C Type
Unit
Location / Comments
1.
7.5.1941
-
Spitfire 4./JG 51  
2.
22.6.1941
9:23
I-16 4./JG 51  
3.
22.6.1941
9:35
SB-2 4./JG 51  
4.
30.6.1941
17:31
DB-3 4./JG 51  
5.
13.7.1941
10:07
Il-2 4./JG 51  
6.
13.7.1941
10:23
I-16 4./JG 51  
7.
14.7.1941
11:16
DB-3 4./JG 51  
8.
26.7.1941
18:45
Pe-2 4./JG 51  
9.
31.7.1941
8:35
I-16 4./JG 51  
10.
9.8.1941
16:50
I-18 4./JG 51  
11.
VIII.1941
-
E/a 4./JG 51  
12.
30.12.1942
11:55
B-17 7./JG 2 4857 / 14 W, 5000m
13.
3.1.1943
11:35
B-17 7./JG 2 14 West N/3884, 5500m
14.
23.1.1943
13:55
B-17 7./JG 2 14 West N/3978, 6000m
15.
13.2.1943
9:57
Spitfire 7./JG 2 N of Boulogne, 1800m
16.
8.3.1943
14:02
Spitfire 12./JG 2 Le Petit-Quevilly, 6000m 
17.
12.3.1943
13:05
Spitfire 12./JG 2 0174/ 05 Ost, 7000m
18.
28.3.1943
13:05
B-17 12./JG 2 1887/ 05 Ost, 6500m
19.
13.5.1943
16:35
P-47 12./JG 2 1139 / 05 Ost, 3000m
20.
29.5.1943
17:46
B-17 12./JG 2 3075 / 15 West, 5000m
?
26.6.1943
18:02
Spitfire 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 0175/05 Ost
?
29.6.1943
20:39
B-17 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 0168/05 Ost
?
4.7.1943
12:32
B-17 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 0951/05 Ost
?
10.7.1943
8:28
Spitfire 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 0015/05 Ost
?
10.7.1943
8:32
B-17 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 0186/05 Ost
?
14.7.1943
7:52
B-17 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 1077/05 Ost
-
14.7.1943
8:15
B-17 e.V. 12./JG 2 1-2km W Goussainville, 8000m
?
16.7.1943
20:25
Spitfire 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 1172/05 Ost
30.
30.7.1943
10:50
P-47 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 3225/05 Ost
31.
30.7.1943
11:30
B-17 HSS 12./JG 2 Pl. Qu. 3211/05 Ost
32.
?.1943
-
E/a ?./ JG 2 12. or 5./JG 2
33.
?.1943
-
E/a ?./ JG 2 12. or 5./JG 2
34.
8.4.1944
13.51
B-24 6./JG 1 SW Salzwedel
35.
9.4.1944
10.58
B-24 6./JG 1 Kieler Bucht, 7000 m
36.
9.4.1944
11.10
P-47 6./JG 1 Kieler Bucht
37.
11.4.1944
11.00
B-17 6./JG 1 15 km N Fallersleben
38.
13.4.1944
13.57
B-17 6./JG 1 Darmstadt, 6500 m
39.
22.4.1944
18.56
P-47 6./JG 1 N Hamm
40.
24.4.1944
12.47
B-17 HSS 6./JG 1 Strassburg / Hagenau
41.
29.4.1944
10.58
B-17 6./JG 1 E Braunschweig, 7000 m
42.
29.4.1944
11.05
P-47 6./JG 1 SE Braunschweig
43.
8.5.1944
9.38
B-24 6./JG 1 SW Verden
44.
12.5.1944
12.18
B-24 Stab II./JG 1 Eifel, 6500 m
45.
19.5.1944
12.45
B-24 Stab II./JG 1 Quakenbrück
46.
19.5.1944
12.55
P-47 Stab II./JG 1 Nieuburg
47.
19.5.1944
12.55
P-47 Stab II./JG 1 Nieuburg
48.
22.5.1944
13.10
P-38 Stab II./JG 1 Kieler Bucht, 7000 m
49.
29.5.1944
12.35
B-17 Stab II./JG 1 Görlitz / Batzen
50.
21.6.1944
-
P-47 Stab II./JG 1  
51.
15.8.1944
12:38
P-47 6./JG 26 Rambouillet (BD)
52.
15.8.1944
12:40
P-47 6./JG 26 Rambouillet (BD)
53.
17.8.1944
11:53
Spitfire 6./JG 26 Rambouillet (BC6-BD4)
-
17.8.1944
11:53
M-4 Sherman 6./JG 26 tank
-
17.8.1944
11:53
M-4 Sherman 6./JG 26 tank
54.
17.8.1944
11:53
Spitfire 6./JG 26 Rambouillet (BC6-BD4)
-
17.8.1944
11:53
M-4 Sherman 6./JG 26 tank
?
12.9.1944
-
B-17 EKdo 262  
?
12.9.1944
-
B-17 EKdo 262  
-
12.9.1944
-
B-17 prob. EKdo 262  
?
24.9.1944
-
B-17 EKdo 262 Possibly on 27.9.1944
?
24.9.1944
-
B-17 EKdo 262 Possibly on 27.9.1944
-
24.9.1944
-
B-17 prob. EKdo 262 Possibly on 27.9.1944
-
28.9.1944
-
B-17 prob. EKdo 262  
?
4.10.1944
-
B-17 Kdo Nowotny Possibly B-17G (44-8586) of 97BG USAAF
?
4.10.1944
-
B-17 Kdo Nowotny Possibly B-17G (44-8043) of 97BG USAAF
?
6.10.1944
-
P-38 Kdo Nowotny Possibly F-5 of 7 PRG USAAF flown by Lt Claude Murray, bailed out
?
X.1944
-
P-51 Kdo Nowotny Possibly between 13. and 28.10.1944
?
X.1944
-
B-17 Kdo Nowotny Possibly between 13. and 28.10.1944
-
X.1944
-
P-51 prob. Kdo Nowotny Possibly between 13. and 28.10.1944
-
X.1944
-
P-38 prob. Kdo Nowotny Possibly between 13. and 28.10.1944
?
2.11.1944
-
B-17 1./Kdo Nowotny  
?
4.11.1944
-
B-17 1./Kdo Nowotny  
-
5.11.1944
-
P-51 prob. 1./Kdo Nowotny Possibly P-51 of 354FG USAAF
?
8.11.1944
-
P-51 1./Kdo Nowotny  
?
8.11.1944
-
P-51 1./Kdo Nowotny  
?
8.11.1944
-
P-51 1./Kdo Nowotny  
-
8.11.1944
-
P-38 prob. 1./Kdo Nowotny Possibly P-38 (42-104272) of 474FG USAAF
?
9.11.1944
-
P-51 1./Kdo Nowotny  
?
9.11.1944
-
P-51 1./Kdo Nowotny  
?
21.11.1944
-
B-17 9./JG 7 B-17 (42-102484) “Helles Angels” of 303BG USAAF flown by 1st Lt AF Chance, all killed
?
25.11.1944
-
P-51 9./JG 7  
-
25.11.1944
-
B-17 prob. 9./JG 7  
?
XII.1944
-
B-17 9./JG 7  
?
I.1945
-
B-17 9./JG 7 Possibly on 14.1 or 17.1.1945
?
I.1945
-
B-17 9./JG 7 Possibly on 14.1 or 17.1.1945
?
9.2.1945
-
B-17 9./JG 7 very probable on this date
78.?
IV.1945
-
E/a III./EJG 2 17.4?

Victories : 78
Awards : Ehrenpokal (16 June 1943)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (31 August 1943)
                Ritterkreuz (24 June 1944)
                Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub (25 November 1944)
Units : JG 51, JG 2, JG 1, JG 26, EKdo 262, Kdo Nowotny, JG 7

Home