Kurt Ebener
Oberleutnant

Kurt Ebener

     Kurt Ebener was born on 4 May 1920 at Könitz in the Saalfeld region of Thüringen. Ebener joined the Luftwaffe on 17 November 1939. On 1 December 1941, Ebener was posted to JG 3 based on the Eastern front. Unteroffizier Ebener was assigned to 4./JG 3. In spring 1942, he flew missions over Malta and North Africa before relocating back to the Eastern front. He recorded his first initial victories on 23 May, when he shot down two Russian I-61 fighters. Ebener recorded his 10th victory on 30 July and his 20th on 17 December. From mid-December until mid-January 1943, Ebener operated from within the Stalingrad pocket. In the most difficult of combat conditions, Ebener was to excel. In four weeks of fighting he claimed 35 victories, including five enemy aircraft shot down on 19 December, to record his 23rd through 27th victories, and four on 30 December (34-37). Ebener emerged as the leading German fighter pilot of the Stalingrad battle. On 1 March 1943, Ebener was transferred to Erganzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost to undertake a spell of instructing. He had 52 victories to his credit at this time. On 7 April, Ebener was awarded the Ritterkreuz and promoted to the rank of Leutnant. Ebener was transferred to 5./JG 11 on 31 March 1944. On 15 July, he was appointed Staffelkapitän of 5./JG 11 based on the Invasion front. In August, Ebener claimed five USAAF fighters shot down. On 23 August 1944, Ebener was shot down in aerial combat with USAAF fighters southeast of Paris in Bf 109 G-14 (W.Nr. 780 667) “Black 2”. Ebener baled out badly wounded to become a prisoner of war. In January 1945, due to the severity of his wounds, he was repatriated. Both of Ebener’s brothers, serving as officers in the German army, were killed on the Eastern front. Ebener died on 7 May 1975 at Fischbach in Taunus as a consequence of the wounds he received during the war.
    Kurt Ebener was credited with 57 victories in 150 missions. He recorded five victories over the Western front.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location / Comments
1
23.5.1942
9:05
I-61 4./JG 3 -
2
23.5.1942
14:05
I-61 4./JG 3 -
3
27.5.1942
15:56
MiG-1 4./JG 3 -
4
1.7.1942
9:08
Il-2 4./JG 3 -
5
24.7.1942
18:12
Il-2 4./JG 3 -
6
25.7.1942
12:32
R-5 4./JG 3 -
7
26.7.1942
3:56
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 -
8
27.7.1942
7:15
MiG-1 4./JG 3 39 420
9
30.7.1942
13:03
Yak-1 4./JG 3 39 191
10
30.7.1942
13:05
Yak-1 4./JG 3 39 191
11
1.8.1942
15:37
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 39 414
12
5.8.1942
4:40
Pe-2 4./JG 3 49 354
13
5.8.1942
4:42
Pe-2 4./JG 3 49 353
14
21.8.1942
13:37
I-180 4./JG 3 39 492
15
15.9.1942
14:47
Pe-2 4./JG 3 57 711
16
6.10.1942
7:20
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 28 832
17
15.10.1942
9:01
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 38 613
18
3.12.1942
12:40
Il-2 4./JG 3 26 192
19
3.12.1942
12:42
Il-2 4./JG 3 26 163
20
17.12.1942
13:24
Il-2 4./JG 3 49 121
21
17.12.1942
13:26
Yak-1 4./JG 3 4072
22
18.12.1942
12:47
Il-2 4./JG 3 3945
23
19.12.1942
12:45
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 3946
24
19.12.1942
13:52
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 3942
25
19.12.1942
13:55
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 3942
26
19.12.1942
14:08
P-2 4./JG 3 4911
27
19.12.1942
14:09
P-2 4./JG 3 2911
28
20.12.1942
12:37
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 10km SW Bekelorska
29
21.12.1942
-
Yak-1 4./JG 3 -
30
22.12.1942
13:35
Yak-1 4./JG 3 4937
31
25.12.1942
13:05
Il-2 4./JG 3 4921
32
25.12.1942
13:06
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 4921
33
28.12.1942
9:05
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 4937 / rammed
34
30.12.1942
9:47
MiG-1 4./JG 3 4916
35
30.12.1942
9:48
MiG-1 4./JG 3 4924
36
30.12.1942
12:25
Il-2 4./JG 3 49 114
37
30.12.1942
12:27
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 48 112
38
4.1.1943
15:57
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 3941
39
7.1.1943
7:47
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 4915
40
7.1.1943
8:26
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 4937
41
10.1.1943
7:21
Il-2 4./JG 3 49 181
42
10.1.1943
7:39
Il-2 4./JG 3 4912
43
10.1.1943
7:46
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 49 311
44
10.1.1943
9:03
Il-2 4./JG 3 49 144
45
12.1.1943
10:40
Il-2 4./JG 3 49 143
46
12.1.1943
10:42
Il-2 4./JG 3 49 143
47
12.1.1943
14:25
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 49 312
48
13.1.1943
10:15
Il-2 4./JG 3 4934
49
15.1.1943
8:12
DB-3 4./JG 3 4911
50
15.1.1943
8:28
DB-3 4./JG 3 4912
51
15.1.1943
10:20
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 49 340
52
15.1.1943
10:39
LaGG-3 4./JG 3 49 180
53
14.8.1944
-
Spitfire 5./JG 11 -
54
15.8.1944
-
P-47 5./JG 11 -
55
16.8.1944
-
P-47 5./JG 11 -
56
18.8.1944
-
P-51 5./JG 11 -
57
19.8.1944
-
P-47 5./JG 11 -
 
Victories : 57
Awards : Ehrenpokal (15 March 1943)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (18 March 1943)
                Ritterkreuz (7 April 1943)
Units : JG 3, JG 11
 
 



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