Walter Adolph
Hauptmann

Walter Adolph

    Walter Adolph was born on 11 June 1913 at Fontanelle in the Bacau region of Rumania. Leutnant Adolph served with 1./J.88 of the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War from autumn 1937 until spring 1938. He gained one victory in that conflict, claiming a Republican Curtiss (Polikarpov I-15) biplane fighter shot down on 30 December 1937. From early 1939, Adolph served as Staffelkapitän of 2./JG 1. Towards the end of summer 1939, he was based at Seerapen, given the role of protecting East Prussia. The unit flew several missions over Poland but was soon recalled to Germany. He opened his account for World War 2 by shooting down a RAF twin-engine reconnaisance Blenheim over Osnabrück on 1 October 1939. During the French campaign, Adolph recorded a further five victories. His total included three RAF Blenheim twin-engine bombers, shot down in five minutes in the Maastricht area, on 12 May 1940. On 9 July 1940, 2./JG 1 was redesignated 8./JG 27. Adolph was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 26 and transferred in on 4 October 1940. He had recorded nine victories to date. Hauptmann Adolph was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 13 November 1940 after 15 victories. II./JG 26 was the first Luftwaffe unit to transition on to the new Focke Wulf Fw 190 fighter, receiving their first aircraft in July 1941. On 18 September, Adolph led eight aircraft, in his Fw 190 A-1 (W.Nr. 0110 028) “Black <<”, to escort a German tanker off Ostend. They encountered a force of RAF Blenheims escorted by Spitfire and Hurricane fighters. Adolph did not return from the mission and his body was washed up on a Belgian beach three weeks later. It would appear that he had been shot down and killed by the English ace Cyril Babbage (7.27 confirmed, 2.333 probable and 2 damaged victories) of 41 Sqn, RAF off Blankenberge, Belgium. Babbage claimed an unidentified aircraft similar to a Curtiss Hawk. Adolph’s Fw 190 was the first of the type to be lost in aerial combat.
    Walter Adolph had recorded 25 victories at the time of his death. In addition he had claimed four unconfirmed victories. Included in his total is one victory gained in the Spanish Civil War.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location
Comments
1.
30.12.1937
-
Curtiss 1./J.88 Spain I-15 (95. Victory for J/88)
2.
1.10.1939
14:10
Blenheim 2./JG 1 Bad Driburg Blenheim (N6231) of 139 Sqn RAF flown by F/O AC MacLachlan, 2 POW
3.
12.5.1940
-
Blenheim 2./JG 1 Near Maastricht Blenheim of 139 Sqn RAF
4.
12.5.1940
-
Blenheim 2./JG 1 Near Maastricht Blenheim of 139 Sqn RAF
5.
12.5.1940
-
Blenheim 2./JG 1 Near Lüttich Blenheim of 139 Sqn RAF
6.
6.6.1940
-
LeO 451 2./JG 1 Beauvais LeO 451 of G.B. I/II, II/12 or II/31, Armée de l’Air
7.
6.6.1940
-
LeO 451 2./JG 1 Montdidier LeO 451 of G.B. I/II, II/12 or II/31, Armée de l’Air
8.
19.7.1940
18:25
Hurricane 8./JG 27 Near Isle of Wight Hurricane of 43 Sqn, RAF
9.
1.8.1940
16:45
Blenheim 8./JG 27 Near Cherbourg Blenheim of 236 Sqn, RAF
10.
7.9.1940
18:25
Spitfire 8./JG 27 S Stanford  
11.
11.10.1940
17:38
Spitfire II./JG 26 Maidstone Spitfire of 41 Sqn, RAF
12.
11.10.1940
17:38
Spitfire II./JG 26 Maidstone Spitfire of 41 Sqn, RAF
13.
15.10.1940
14:10
Hurricane II./JG 26 London Hurricane of 46 or 501 Sqn, RAF
14.
25.10.1940
11:04
Spitfire II./JG 26 Maidstone Spitfire of 603 Sqn, RAF
15.
1.11.1940
12:50
Spitfire II./JG 26 Maidstone Spitfire of 74 Sqn, RAF
16.
8.11.1940
14:50
Spitfire II./JG 26 Tonbridge Hurricane of 302 or 501 Sqn, RAF
17.
17.6.1941
19:50
Hurricane II./JG 26 Boulogne Hurricane of 56 or 242 Sqn, RAF
18.
22.6.1941
16:00
Spitfire II./JG 26 W Dunkirk probably Spitfire Mk I of 609 Sqn. P/O François Xavier de Spierlet
19.
26.6.1941
11:55
Spitfire II./JG 26 Mardyck Spitfire Mk V of 603 Sqn 
20.
6.7.1941
14:45
Spitfire II./JG 26 Wormhout Spitfire of 74 Sqn, RAF
21.
8.7.1941
15:30
Spitfire II./JG 26 Gravelines  
22.
23.7.1941
14:20
Blenheim II./JG 26 Ostend Blenheim of 21 Sqn, RAF
23.
24.7.1941
14:55
Spitfire II./JG 26 Gravelines  
24.
16.8.1941
9:30
Spitfire II./JG 26 20km NW Boulogne Spitfire of 602 Sqn, RAF
25.
16.8.1941
19:30
Spitfire II./JG 26 8km N Marquis Spitfire of 609 Sqn, RAF

Victories : 25
Awards : Ehrenpokal (26 October 1940)
                Ritterkreuz (13 November 1940)
Units : JG 1, JG 27, JG 26

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